After 31 December 2020, EU trade agreements will no longer apply to the UK. The trade aspects of the Global Agreement were adopted by Decisions 2/2000 of the EU-Mexico Joint Council establishing a free trade area for goods and 2/2001, which establishes a free trade area for services. The aim of this InBrief series is to provide a summary of the chapters of the ten free trade agreements recently concluded by the European Union with developing countries, as well as, if necessary, other relevant trade agreements. Each letter provides a detailed and schematic overview of a number of trade and trade provisions of these agreements. Many of the EU`s trade agreements are still being ratified and are only being implemented temporarily. CETA is a mixed agreement. Chapters under the exclusive competence of the Union are currently being applied on an interim basis, with ratification not yet completed in the Member States. On the other hand, the chapter on investment protection is not yet implemented until ratification by members. The EU and Singapore have negotiated a free trade agreement and an investment protection agreement, two separate treaties. The trade agreement came into force at the end of 2019, after the approval of the European Parliament and the Council. The investment protection agreement still needs to be ratified by all Member States according to their own national procedures. In mid-2019, the EU signed a trade agreement and an investment protection agreement with Vietnam.
The free trade agreement with Vietnam was approved by the European Parliament in February 2020; Vietnam has already complied with EU requirements for compliance with international labour standards. The free trade agreement is expected to enter into force in the summer of 2020. The Economic Partnership, Political Coordination and Cooperation Agreement (Comprehensive Agreement), which sets out the objectives and mechanisms for liberalising trade in goods and services, was approved by the Mexican Senate on 20 March 2000 and by the European Parliament on 6 May 1999. The UK is trying to replicate the effects of existing EU agreements at a time when they no longer apply to the UK. The central pillar of rules-based and open trade should always be the WTO. This is the first and best way to open markets around the world and establish new rules for trade. However, free trade agreements can be – and have been for years – a useful complement to the multilateral trade order. In the context of the WTO crisis, these agreements are increasingly economically and politically relevant, which is essential for the EU`s foreign trade policy. Links have been added to the contractual documents for Côte d`Ivoire and Ukraine. A Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) is an agreement in which countries recognize the results of the other`s compliance assessment.